Following is a list of several of the publications the NFPA is responsible for. In addition, we have added organization links for professionals and for anyone looking to further inform themselves about the fire protection industry. We have also included some fire industry definitions. Those listed are but a fraction of what can be found in the current NFPA 72, but we have listed what we believe would be the most relevant to industry and lay-person alike.
At TC Life Safety we believe education is foremost in preventing loss of life and property related to fire incidents. Please let us know if there is any additional information you would wish to see or have access to.
|Basic Fire Alarm Definitions|
Alarm: A warning of fire danger.Alarm Verification Feature: A feature of automatic fire detection and alarm systems to reduce unwanted alarms wherein smoke detectors report alarm conditions for a minimum period of time, or confirm alarm conditions within a given time period after being reset, in order to be accepted as a valid alarm initiation signal.
Analog Initiating Device: An initiating device that transmits a signal indicating varying degrees of condition as contrasted with a conventional initiating device, which can only indicate an on–off condition.
Annunciator: A unit containing one or more indicator lamps, alphanumeric displays, or other equivalent means in which each indication provides status information about a circuit, condition, or location.
Approved: Acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.
Audible Notification Appliance: A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of hearing.
Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ): The organization, office, or individual responsible for approving equipment, materials, an installation, or a procedure.
Automatic Fire Detectors: Either individual devices or prescribed combinations of devices designed to detect flame, heat, smoke, or combustion gases resulting from the fire.
Auxiliary Fire Alarm System: A system connected to a municipal fire alarm system for transmitting an alarm of fire to the public fire service communications center. Fire alarms from an auxiliary fire alarm system are received at the public fire service communications center on the same equipment and by the same methods as alarms transmitted manually from municipal fire alarm boxes located on streets.Central Station: A supervising station that is listed for central station service.
Central Station Fire Alarm System: A system or group of systems in which the operations of circuits and devices are transmitted automatically to, recorded in, maintained by, and supervised from a listed central station that has competent and experienced servers and operators who, upon receipt of a signal, take such action as required by this Code. Such service is to be controlled and operated by a person, firm, or corporation whose business is the furnishing, maintaining, or monitoring of supervised fire alarm systems.
Certification: A systematic program that uses randomly selected follow-up inspections of the certificated systems installed under the program that allows the listing organization to verify that a fire alarm system complies with all the requirements of this Code. A system installed under such a program is identified by the issuance of a certificate and is designated as a certificated system.
Code: A standard that is an extensive compilation of provisions covering broad subject matter or that is suitable for adoption into law independently of other codes and standards.
Coded: An audible or visible signal that conveys several discrete bits or units of information. Notification signal examples are numbered strokes of an impact-type appliance and numbered flashes of a visible appliance.
Combination Detector: A device that either responds to more than one of the fire phenomenon or employs more than one operating principle to sense one of these phenomena. Typical examples are a combination of a heat detector with a smoke detector or a combination rate-of-rise and fixed-temperature heat detector.Combination System: A fire alarm system in which components are used, in whole or in part, in common with a non-fire signaling system.
Compatibility Listed: A specific listing process that applies only to two-wire devices, such as smoke detectors, that are designed to operate with certain control equipment.
Detector: A device suitable for connection to a circuit that has a sensor that responds to a physical stimulus such as heat or smoke.
Fire Alarm Control Unit (Panel): A system component that receives inputs from automatic and manual fire alarm devices and might supply power to detection devices and to a transponder(s) or off-premises transmitter(s). The control unit might also provide transfer of power to the notification appliances and transfer of condition to relays or devices connected to the control unit. The fire alarm control unit can be a local fire alarm control unit or a master control unit.
Fire Alarm System: A system or portion of a combination system consisting of components and circuits arranged to monitor and indicate the status of fire alarm or supervisory signal initiating devices and to initiate the appropriate response to these signals.
Initiating Device: A system component that originates transmission of a change-of-state condition, such as in a smoke detector, manual fire alarm box, or supervisory switch.
Labeled: Equipment or materials to which has been attached a label, symbol, or other identifying marks of an organization that is acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and concerned with product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production of labeled equipment or materials, and by whose labeling the manufacturer indicates compliance with appropriate standards or performance in a specified manner.
Listed: Equipment, materials, or services included in a list published by an organization that is acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and concerned with evaluation of products or services that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services, and whose listing states that either the equipment, material, or service meets appropriate designated standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.
Manual Fire Alarm Box: A manually operated device used to initiate an alarm signal.
Master Box: A municipal fire alarm box that can also be operated by remote means
Municipal Fire Alarm Box (Street Box): An enclosure housing a manually operated transmitter used to send an alarm to the public fire service communications center.
Notification Appliance: A fire alarm system component such as a bell, horn, speaker, strobe, printer, and so forth, that provides an audible or visible output, or both.
Pull Station: A manually operated device used to initiate an alarm signal.
Smoke Detector: A device that detects visible or invisible particles of combustion. Indicates a mandatory requirement.
Should: Indicates a recommendation or that which is advised, but not required.
Smoke Detector: A device that detects visible or invisible particles of combustion.
For more information or in depth definitions regarding the above publications and their purpose, please refer to: http://www.nfpa.org
|Homeowner Organizations and Links|
|Industry Organizations and Links|
|Standards and Approving Agencies|